Université de Bordeaux | France
Jean Louis MAC | Ilias OUEDRAOGO | François RANAIVOSOA | Tomsin EHIOZOMWANGIE
It seems too easy to imagine nature and technology as being engaged in a centuries-long battle, with the 21st delivering the coup de grace. At first sight, having a winner implies necessarily a loser which leads to the destruction of one them. This notion isn’t appropriate when we think differently and realize that the harmony between nature and technology is the real deal. Nature by itself, is composed of addition of logical and sophisticated methods where each element is used in a efficient way. Since, humans are usually inspired by nature, technology follows the same process. Among numerous examples, we can think for intance about artificial neural networks based on human neural architecture which are used in the field of artificial intelligence. To be honest, contrary to nature, technology has a tremendous drawback : it operates in a linear way through life cycle where the final stage produces waste. On the contrary, nature has no such concept as waste because everything is consumed by another. The food web illustrates perfectly this consumer-resource system, defined as a natural interconnection of food chains forming a graphical representation of what-eats-what in an ecological community. Technology possesses a similar structure called circular economy. It consists of building a regenerative system in which waste is seen as a ressource by some entities of the system. This method is already applied in many countries such as Canada, Netherlads or Germany but not in the most effective way. To do so, we suggest that with the help of big data through the resort of machine learning, to build a graph where each node represents a company and oriented arcs stands for theoretical consumer-resource relationship. The analysis of this graph will permit to put up easily a circular economy with the least waste possible.